Introvert Vs. Extrovert – What do the Statistics Say?
If you are looking to get specific data on the differences between introverts and extroverts, take a look at the shortlist below.
If you search the web for this information, you may get multiple contradicting statistics claiming extroverts or introverts perform certain tasks better.
In the following list, we will source the data from the most evidence-based institutions possible.
Below, we discuss a few statistical facts about each of these personality assessment.
1. Statistically, a larger portion of the US population is introverted. The original randomized Myers-Briggs type indicator sample showed that 50.7% of Americans are introverts and extroverts make up 49.3% of the population.
2. Women are more extroverted than men. When Myers, McCaulley, Quenk, & Hammer looked at this same sample population, they determined that 52.5% of women were extroverted as opposed to 45.9% of extroverted men. Introverts made up 54.1% of the male population and 47.5% of the female population.
3. Most people tend to be ambiverts, or somewhere in between introverts and extroverts. A study conducted by the American Trends Panel found that 77% of people fall somewhere between the two extreme personalities. 12% were very extroverted, 5% were very introverted, and 6% did not indicate a response.
4. Certain professions tend to be more introverted. For instance, a survey of slightly over 3,000 lawyers indicated that 56.4% of law professionals were introverts and the remaining 43.6% were extroverts. However, labor law was dominated by extroverts while tax work was more attractive to introverts.
5. Librarians are often viewed as logical and introverted. Dr. Scherdin performed a study to see if this hypothesis was correct by surveying librarians for their MBTI type. Indeed, 63% were introverted while only 37% were extroverted.
6. Extroverts are more confident in their abilities than introverts. 87% of extroverts agree that they have the skills to be a good leader, compared to only 56% of introverts.
7. Introverts are less likely to express gratitude. Only 67% of introverts express gratitude when they feel it, compared to a significantly larger 89% of extroverts.
List of 5 Interesting Facts About Introverts and Extroverts
1. Extroverts respond well to rewards. One theory that explains why this is so is that dopamine responsivity encourages extroverts to reach for rewards, while introverts are more sensitive to punishment.
2. Ambiverts have the highest IQ out of all the personality types. When looking at IQ test scores on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, moderate levels of extroversion correlated with better verbal and performance intelligence measures.
3. Communication styles differ between extroverts and introverts. In a study analyzing the link between extroversion and language, Beukeboom, Tanis, & Vermeulen found that extroverts are more likely to use figurative language and abstractions while introverts focus on facts.
4. If you often use social media, chances are you are likely an extrovert. Those who spend more than 2 hours a day on social media are seen as more extroverted by both themselves and others.
5. Introverts and extroverts prefer different types of workplace training. O’Connor, Gardiner, & Watson found that relaxation training is more useful for introverts, while ideation skill training is better for extroverts.
How Understanding Introversion and Extroversion Better Can Improve Your Life
Understanding how to utilize both introversion and extroversion can help benefit your life in a number of ways. For instance, if you learn to utilize extroversion correctly, you can help establish effective communication channels within your team.
This leads to more productivity, more internal trust between team members, and keeps everyone involved in the team’s mission. Also, you could become a more charismatic speaker if you use extroversion correctly.
Extroversion can also lead to more confidence and more comfort with risk-taking, leading you to become a better leader. Introversion can help you become more in tune with your emotions and intuitions.
It can help you become less dependent on others’ approval and helps you understand what you truly desire in life. By gaining introversion, you may become more creative or original, as you are relying on your own mind for inspiration as opposed to being limited by others.
Introvert Vs. Extrovert FAQ
What are the 4 types of introverts?
There are multiple different types of introverts, contrary to popular opinion. The four major types of introverts include: social, thinking, anxious, and restrained introvert.
Each of these different types has their own unique traits, but all of them get their energy from within them, not from the outside world.
Which is better: introvert or extrovert?
This depends on who you are, what your job is, and a multitude of other factors. Extroverts typically make better leaders, for example.
They are not afraid of confrontation and enjoy talking with others. However, introverts tend to stay focused for longer. They are more independent, which could lead them to have better critical thinking skills.
An omnivert is neither an introvert nor an extrovert. They combine certain qualities of introversion with other qualities of extroversion.
If you feel like you are neither an introvert nor an extrovert, you may be an omnivert. Omniverts are individuals that switch between being introverts and extroverts depending in the situation
What is an ambivert person?
An ambivert is extremely similar to an omnivert. They are also blends of introversion and extroversion (omnivert and ambivert are used interchangeably, but ambiverts are a blend of introvert and extrovert, which omniverts are one type depending on the situation).
If you feel like being extroverted when you know someone, but introverted when you meet a stranger, you could be an ambivert.
Introverts, does it seem like you’re drowning in a sea of extroverts?
In reality — according to a new study, published recently in Psychological Science — we over-perceive the number of extroverts out there.
This is due to two psychological theories called the “friendship paradox” and the “extroversion bias,” which researchers Daniel Feiler and Adam Kleinbaum of Tuck Business School at Dartmouth College have now documented.
The friendship paradox suggests that, statistically speaking, we’re more likely to be friends with people who already have a lot of friends — probably because these people are outgoing and likeable.
Further clouding our perception is the extroversion bias, which suggests that because extroverts tend to have more friends, they’re disproportionately represented in our social networks.
It means that everyone’s social circle is more extroverted than the population really is as a whole. We get the false impression that there are more extroverts in the world — and fewer introverts — than there actually are.
In reality, introverts make up about 30-50 percent of the population, according to some studies.
Feiler and Kleinbaum reached these conclusions by surveying 284 MBA students about their social networks and assessing their level of extroversion using the Big Five personality test.
How this misperception harms introverts
If we think that most people are more extroverted than us — and that they have more friends — we might start thinking that there’s something wrong with us.
“When extraverts are over-represented in networks, the average person may begin to feel like they don’t belong,” Feiler tells Mic. “They may feel like a hermit, by comparison, and that could have harmful effects on their sense of self-worth.”
Especially when we’re younger, we might feel like we’re not keeping up with other people socially — and we may fear that we’re missing out on the fun, Feiler says.
Why you’re probably more normal than you think
We tend to be friends with people who have a similar level of extroversion as us, the researchers found. This means introverts are often friends with other introverts, while extroverts are drawn to other extroverts.
Extroverts are more affected by the friendship paradox than introverts, so they have a skewed view of how outgoing and social people really are.
On the other hand, the most introverted among us — just 1 percent of the population — probably have social circles that are the most representative of the population in terms of extroversion, the researchers found.
“There’s a human tendency to wonder, ‘Am I normal?'” Feiler says. “And our research suggests that you’re probably more normal than you think.”
Image credit: Deviant Art (foto-graf-hi)
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Read this: 21 Undeniable Signs That You’re an Introvert